Chesterfield NH Historical Society
Chesterfield NH Historical Society

The Charter

Layout of the land was required by the Charter.  In accordance, a survey was made by Josiah Willard and Benjamin Bellows of Chesterfield, Westmorland, and Walpole.  This was finished in March 1752.  



Charter – Feb 11, 1752 (outline) Under George II

  1. 23,040 acres – 6 square miles – between Ashuelots, Winchester – Called Chesterfield
  2. Once 50 families settled – can run 2 fairs – one market a week
  3. Town Officers – first Wed in March and Town meeting should happen annually
  4. Grantee:  Cultivate 5 acres within 5 years for every 50 acres contained in their share or risk forfeiture back to crown
  5. All White & other Pine Trees within township fit for Masting of Royal Navy be preserved and not felled without special license – disobey – land forfeiture
  6. Center of Town lots should be awarded to each grantee – one acre each – paid for 10 years – one ear of Indian Corn due on January 1st starting in 1753 – thus a plan for the town
  7. Tax:  Each proprietor, settler or inhabitant shall pay 1 shilling for every 100 acres or part of after 1762 – paid to the Council Chamber in Portsmouth on January 1st of each year – or forfeiture
  8. Signed by Gov. Benning Wentworth, Theodore Atkinson, Sec’y


However, the French & Indian War – 1754 – 1763/4 (6th Indian War or the Seven Years War which ended at the Treaty of Paris), put off settlement of the town.

The town lot layout may have been done in 1760 – 1 as that is when the first deeds were made.  There are 16 “ranges”, each range is divided into lots of 100 acres each (more or less), and having a length of 160 rods, (measured from east to west, and a breath of 100 rads.  They are numbered from south to north. 


History of Chesterfield by Randall


The Charter proved that “town-lots” of 1-square acre should be laid out as near the center of town as the land would permit.  It is not known if these lots were laid out or not.  But some of the 100 acre lots are divided into half-lots or “50-acre lots”, which are designated in old deeds as “house-lots”.


Gov. Wentworth’s share was speculative, and it is unknown what happened to it.  Part of it was purchased or in some way deeded to Samuel Davis.  In 1780, all 300 acres were purchased by William Randall in 1780.



As was traditional, the original charter was mapped out on sheep-skin parchment. 

Charter layout.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [880.9 KB]
Charter layout.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [81.4 KB]
Town layout 1761.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [251.9 KB]
Portion of the original charter on sheepskin
portion of sheepskin.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [217.1 KB]
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